Jean-Léon Gérôme, The Republic (1848). Oil on canvas, 292 x 193 cm. Mairie de Lilas, Lilas, France. Reproduced from Gerald M. Ackerman, The Life and Work of Jean-Léon Gérôme, Sotheby's Publications, 1986, 36. Gérôme was commissioned by the government of the Second Republic to paint this "official" symbol of the Republic.