"The explosion is unavoidable and will be terrible!" (c. 1848). Anonymous Italian Cartoon. Reproduced from Dieter Dowe, Heinz-Gerhard Haupt, Dieter Langewiesche, and Jonathan Sperber (eds), Europe in 1848: Revolution and Reform, Berghan, 2001, 24. The February Revolution in Paris in 1848 sparked fears across Europe that further revolutions might be much more violent. Here, the Liberty cap burns while an Italian Punchinello flees the destruction.